5 interesting facts about hard water…
- An appliance using only 600 litres a day in a hard water area of only 300ppm will use water containing 70kg (154lb) of scale in a year.
- Hard water costs the UK in excess of £1 Billion every year.
- Hard water is responsible for over 70% of equipment failure in the food service industry.
- Approx. 60% of the UK suffers from the effects of hard water.
- Hard water begins its life soft.
CB denotes carbon Block. VRA denotes Various Ratings Available. *Everpure® is a registered trademark of Everpure Inc.
Notes: CTO denotes chlorine, bad tastes and odours
✓ denotes up to 425ppm water hardness. Over this hardness a blended hard/soft supply is permitted. SSM denotes Scale Stopper Media.
Notes: CBT denotes Ceramic Bead Technology – converts hard scale causing ions into non scale forming soft crystals.
Water Softener products
How a water softener works
A water softener works by passing the incoming hard water through a sealed container called a resin vessel, which contains literally thousands of little ion exchange resin beads.
These beads attract and retain any hardness in the water i.e. scale and scum, that causes so much damage to your system.
When these beads become saturated with hardness, they need cleaning and regenerating for continued use. This is done by rinsing them with a weak solution of brine (salt and water).
The brine together with the previously collected hardness is then automatically flushed down the drain. This process takes place automatically as determined by the softener, with all that has to be done is ensure the softener is kept full of tablet salt.
In conclusion therefore, salt does not soften the water. The resin cleans/softens the water and when required the brine cleans the resin. During the cleaning of the resin, the previously collected scale and scum is discharged automatically down the drain together with the brine.
At no time does the brine enter the water supply.
It is important to understand that any sodium in the water is retained within the boiler when steam is created and does not enter the main chamber or food. This sodium is then sent to drain on blow down.
Did you know?
- Every UK gallon has 4.546 litres, but a US gallon only has 3.785 litres
- 1psi water pressure is generated by approx. 2′ in height (feet head)
- Therefore a water tank 30′ above the ground, generates 15psi, and 15psi is approx. 1 bar in water pressure
- 1 degree Clark (water hardness measurement) is approx. 14.3ppm (parts per million); and ppm and mg/l (milligrams per litre) are the same measurement
- In every litre there is 1000 millilitres (ml), which is the same as 0.22 UK gallons, which is actually 1.76 pints
- In every cubic metre of water there is 1000 litres, and 1000 litres is equal to 220 gallons
- Where a male thread is stated it refers to male BSP in all instances.
- Where speedfit is stated it can also be known as ‘push fit’.
- All information, figures and specification are correct at time of printing and given in good faith. Omissions & Errors excepted.
- As part of ongoing research and development, we reserve the right to alter design or specification without prior notice.
- All guarantees are given in accordance with Monarch Waters National Service Coverage Area Agreement. Full details are available on www.monarchwater.co.uk or by calling Monarch directly for a printed version.
- All water softeners need operating pressures between 1.5–5 bars (dynamic).
- All Scaleout units need operating pressures between 1.5–5 bars (dynamic).
- All items to be protected from freezing.
- All cold water softeners must be limited to water temperature not exceeding 50ºC.
- All hot water softeners must be limited to water temperature not exceeding 65/70ºC dependent on model.
- All Scaleouts are to be limited to water temperature not exceeding 50ºC.
- Water softener capacities are based on a water hardness of 300ppm.
- Coffee Lover, Caffé & Steam CFU capacities are based on a water hardness of 180ppm.
- All dimensions are shown in millimetres.